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It is also known as the "November Revolution" having occurred in November according to the Gregorian Calendar The February Revolution had toppled Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, and replaced his government with the Russian Provisional Government.However, the provisional government was weak and riven by internal dissension.It continued to wage World War I, which became increasingly unpopular.
It took place through an armed insurrection in Petrograd on 7 November (25 October, O. It followed and capitalized on the February Revolution of the same year, which overthrew the Tsarist autocracy and resulted in a provisional government after a transfer of power proclaimed by Grand Duke Michael, the younger brother of Tsar Nicholas II, who declined to take power after the Tsar stepped down.
For a time, this was observed, with the interim Bolshevik-only Sovnarkom or Soviet government replaced by a Bolshevik-Left SR coalition government with an All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets composed of all representatives of all factions who supported Soviet power and legally entrenching the peasant land seizures.
Throughout 1918, from the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk which resulted in a Left SR walkout, and other policies disputed by both the other pro-soviet parties and minority factions of the Bolsheviks, this progressively dissipated until by 1920 there were no free elections but delegates appointed by a party state.
Real wages fell about 50% from what they had been in 1913.
Russia's national debt in October 1917 had risen to 50 billion rubles.
The revolution was led by the Bolsheviks, who used their influence in the Petrograd Soviet to organize the armed forces.